The origin of Tai Sai is not clear. However, the history of TAI XIu, or Tai Saki, as it is also known, can be traced back to the fifth century AD. This might have sparked a fierce rivalry among Chinese satters to ascertain who could write the most complicated calculations and at exactly the same time defend the result in the most comprehensible manner. Thus began the game of Tai Saki, or Tai Sai in Chinese. Tai Saki literally means"big small", referring to the difficulty level of the sport and the need to create massive calculations so as to beat one's rival.
The earliest versions of this game were composed of 3 dice, with each participant taking a side. If there was a link between two players, a consolation bet was held between the tied players, with no hope of changing the outcome. The title"taisek" was applied to the game sometime in the late 19th century. Today, it is regarded as a classic game of chance. It usually involves a table with at least three chairs, with the game occurring across a desk from two seats placed diagonally opposite each other in a square.
Based on the variant, the game is either played with two dice, or with three. In a game of Tai Saki with two dice, the player on the left is known as" Pai-sai" (left), while the person on the right is called"Kai-sai". If a game of Tai Saki with three dice is played, the names of the players are reversed. Furthermore, the title of this game generally concludes with the phrase,"boards, please