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What Is Change Management?  

What Is Change Management?

Change management is the process by which all requests to alter the approved baseline of a project, programme or portfolio are captured, evaluated and then approved, rejected or deferred.

Change management is of particular importance when the project is part of a bigger programme or portfolio because the consequential effects of unmanaged change could also be far-reaching within the deliberate change setting and to enterprise-as-regular activities.

The project professional implements the next steps to regulate change:

Log change request in a change register (or log).
Initial evaluation the place the change is reviewed.
Detailed evaluation the place the impact on baseline success criteria, benefits, scope, quality, time, resources, costs, risks, stakeholder engagement or some other criteria necessary to achieving the business case are considered.
A advice is made to the sponsor and/or wider governance board to approve, reject or defer the change.
The plan is up to date is a change is approved.
Implementation where the required actions are taken and monitored.
You will need to differentiate change management from the wider discipline of change management. Change control is a subset of overall change management and it is beneficial to not mix up the language. Change management is a structured approach to move an organisation from a current state to a future desired state.

Change requests may come up on account of issues that happen from the management of work or external sources. Points that end in changes to scope or every other part of the baseline plan are progressed via change control.

Any success criteria that have to be changed at any time in the project life cycle are topic to approval by change control. Formal change control is required when tolerances are breached

Change control is of particular importance when the project is part of a bigger programme or portfolio because the consequential effects of unmanaged change may be far-reaching within the deliberate change setting and to enterprise-as-traditional activities.

Change control contains 5 phases:

Proposing a Change
Abstract of Impact
Decision
Implementing a Change
Closing a Change
There are documents used throughout the process:

Change Log: used to provide a record of all modifications requested and selections made
Change Request Form: used to document details of the change, including the enterprise case
1. Proposing a Change
This process offers the ability for anyone within the project staff (including the client) to recommend a change to the project. The proposal should embody an outline of the change and expected benefits or different reason for the change. The change is introduced utilizing the Change Request Type and added to the Change Log for the project.

2. Abstract of Impact
This process is carried out by the project manager, who will consider the overall effect on the project, covering the next items:

Quantifiable price financial savings and benefits
Authorized, regulatory or other unquantifiable reason for change
Estimated value of the change
Impact on timescales
Extra resources needed
Impact on other projects and enterprise activities
New risks and issues
After this evaluation, the project manager recommends whether to hold out the change.

3. Choice
This process includes a evaluate of the change request by an approved authority who will consider all the data provided by the project manager and particular person making the request. The decision will usually be:

Settle for
Settle for with feedback and particular conditions
Reject
Defer (change will not be approved, however is left for consideration later)
4. Implementing a Change
If the change is approved it is planned, scheduled and executed at a time agreed with the stakeholders.

As part of the planning, a regression test plan is required in case the change must be backed out.

After implementation, it is common to carry out a post-implementation review.

5. Closing a Change
Once carried out, the requester checks and agrees on the change, and it is closed in the Change Log by the project manager.

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